Oud – the golden tree

Oud– “The golden tree”

Oud (Agarwood) has a very long history. It originates in North Eastern India, Bhutan and parts of South East Asia – especially Vietnam and Cambodia – the Philippines, and Indonesia, including Papau New Guinea.“The golden tree’” – this is the name of agarwood. And many name to call  the infected wood of the Aquilaria trees: Aloes wood, eaglewood, jinkoh, gaharu, oud.

The many names of agarwood in different cultures:

  • In Hindi and Urdu, it is known as agar,which is originally Sanskrit, also aguru
  • In Bengal, agarwood as known as agar gaach
  • In Assamese, it is often called “sasi” or” sashi”
  • Agarwood Vietnam is known as Trầm hương in Vietnamese, chénxiāng in Chinese, jinkō in Japanese
  • In Europe, another name is Lignum quila – eagle wood, Agilawood because of the similarity in sound of agila.
  • Aloeswood is also known a name of agarwood in Europe, But this is potentially confusing,Aloe has medicinal uses.
  • Malay and Indonesian, the name is gaharu
  • HongKong,they called Aloeswood.
  • In Thailand, it is known as “ Mai Kritsana”
  • In Myanmar, it is called “ Thit Mhwae”
  • In Laos, it is “ Mai Ketsana”
  • In Sri Lanka, agarwood is known as “ Walla Patta”

Agarwood is a dark resinous heartwood that forms in Aquilaria and Gyrinops trees when they become infected with a type of mould. The following species of Aquilaria produce agarwood

  • Aquilaria khasiana, found in Bangladesh and India.
  • Aquilaria apiculina, found in Philippines
  • Aquilaria acuminata, found in Papua New Guinea, Indonesia & Philippines
  • Aquilaria baillonil, found in Thailand and Cambodia
  • Aquilaria baneonsis, found in Vietnam
  • Aquilaria beccariana, found inIndonesia
  • Aquilaria brachyantha, found in Malaysia
  • Aquilaria crassna found in Cambodia,Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam
  • Aquilaria cumingiana, found in Indonesia and Malaysia
  • Aquilaria filaria, found in New Guinea, theMoluccas, and Mindanao (Philippines)
  • Aquilaria grandiflora, found in China
  • Aquilaria hirta, found in Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia
  • Aquilaria malaccensis, found in Malaysia, Thailand, and India
  • Aquilaria microcapa, found in Indonesia and Malaysia
  • Aquilaria rostrata, found in Malaysia
  • Aquilaria sinensis, found in China
  • Aquilaria subintegra, found in Thailand

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